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Section 28.35.028. Court-Ordered Treatment

§ 28.35.028. Court-ordered treatment for persons charged with a violation of AS 28.35.030 or 28.35.032

(a) Notwithstanding another provision of law, with the consent of the state and the defendant, the court may elect to proceed in a criminal case under AS 04.16.200(b) or(e), AS 28.35.030, or 28.35.032, including the case of a defendant charged with violating the terms of probation, under the procedure provided in this section and order the defendant to complete a court-ordered treatment program. The state may not consent to a referral under this subsection unless the state has consulted with the victim and explained the process and consequences of the referral to the victim. A court may not elect to proceed under this section if the defendant has previously participated in a court-ordered treatment program under this section two or more times.

(b) Once the court elects to proceed under this section, the defendant shall enter a no contest or guilty plea to the offense or shall admit to a probation violation, as appropriate. The state and the defendant may enter into a plea agreement to determine the offense or offenses to which the defendant is required to plead. If the court accepts the agreement, the court shall enforce the terms of the agreement. The court shall enter a judgment of conviction for the offense or offenses for which the defendant has pleaded or an order finding that the defendant has violated probation, as appropriate. A judgment of conviction or an order finding a probation violation must set a schedule for payment of restitution owed by the defendant. In a judgment of conviction and on probation conditions that the court considers appropriate, the court may withhold pronouncement of a period of imprisonment or a fine to provide an incentive for the defendant to complete recommended treatment successfully. Imprisonment or a fine imposed by a court shall comply with AS 12.55 or any mandatory minimum or other sentencing provision applicable to the offense. However, notwithstanding Rule 35, Alaska Rules of Criminal Procedure, and any other provision of law, the court, at any time after the period when a reduction of sentence is normally available, may consider and reduce the defendant’s sentence based on the defendant’s compliance with the treatment plan; when reducing a sentence, the court (1) may not reduce the sentence below the mandatory minimum sentence for the offense unless the court finds that the defendant has successfully complied with and completed the treatment plan and that the treatment plan approximated the severity of the minimum period of imprisonment, and (2) may consider the defendant’s compliance with the treatment plan as a mitigating factor allowing a reduction of a sentence under AS 12.55.155(a). A court entering an order finding the defendant has violated probation may withhold pronouncement of disposition to provide an incentive for the defendant to complete the recommended treatment successfully.

(c) If the defendant does not successfully complete the treatment plan imposed by the court under this section, the defendant’s no contest or guilty plea or admission to a probation violation to the court shall stand, and the sentence previously imposed shall be executed or, if sentence has not yet been imposed, sentence shall be imposed by the court.

(d) Notwithstanding any other provision of law to the contrary, the judge, the state, the defendant, and the agencies involved in the defendant’s treatment plan are entitled to information and reports bearing on the defendant’s assessment, treatment, and progress. The victim is entitled to periodic reports on the defendant’s progress and participation.

(e) In addition to other conditions authorized under AS 12.30 or AS 12.55, a court may impose the following conditions of bail or probation:

(1) require the defendant to submit to electronic monitoring;

(2) require the defendant to submit to house arrest.

(f) A court shall refer a defendant who is ordered to participate in a treatment program under this section to an alcohol safety action program developed and implemented or designated under AS 47.37.040(21) for screening, referral, and monitoring.

(g) In addition to other conditions authorized under AS 12.30, a court may require the defendant to take a drug or combination of drugs intended to prevent substance abuse.

(h) In this section,

(1) “court-ordered treatment program” or “ treatment plan” means a treatment program for a person who consumes alcohol or drugs and that

(A) requires participation for at least 18 consecutive months;

(B) includes planning and treatment for alcohol or drug addiction;

(C) includes emphasis on personal responsibility;

(D) provides in-court recognition of progress and sanctions for relapses;

(E) requires payment of restitution to victims and completion of community work service;

(F) includes physician-approved treatment of physical addiction and treatment of the psychological causes of addiction;

(G) includes a monitoring program and physical placement or housing; and

(H) requires adherence to conditions of probation;

(2) “sentence” or “sentencing” includes a suspended imposition of sentence as authorized under AS 12.55.085.


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